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William Patten Primary School
Stoke Newington Church Street
London N16 0NX

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Maths Curriculum Statement

Intent

The 2014 National Curriculum for Maths aims to ensure that all children:

  • Become fluent in the fundamentals of Mathematics
  • Are able to reason mathematically
  • Can solve problems by applying their Mathematics

At William Patten, these skills are embedded within Maths lessons and developed consistently over time. We are committed to ensuring that children are able to recognise the importance of Maths in the wider world and that they are also able to use their mathematical skills and knowledge confidently in their lives in a range of different contexts.

We want all children to enjoy Mathematics and to experience success in the subject, with the ability to reason mathematically. We are committed to developing children’s curiosity about the subject, as well as an appreciation of the beauty and power of Mathematics.

Implementation

The content and principles underpinning the 2014 Mathematics curriculum and the Maths curriculum at William Patten reflect those found in high-performing education systems internationally, particularly those of east and south-east Asian countries such as Singapore, Japan, South Korea and China. These principles and features characterise this approach and convey how our curriculum is implemented:

  • Teachers reinforce an expectation that all children are capable of achieving high standards in Mathematics.
  • The large majority of children progress through the curriculum content at the same pace; Significant time is spent developing deep knowledge of the key ideas that are needed to underpin future learning. This ensures that all can master concepts before moving to the next part of the curriculum sequence, allowing no pupil to be left behind.
  • If a pupil fails to grasp a concept or procedure, this is identified quickly and early intervention ensures the pupil is ready to move forward with the whole class in the next lesson.
  • The structure and connections within the mathematics are emphasised, so that pupils develop deep learning that can be sustained.
  • Lesson design identifies the new mathematics that is to be taught, the key points, the difficult points and a carefully sequenced journey through the learning. In a typical lesson pupils sit facing the teacher and the teacher leads back and forth interaction, including questioning, short tasks, explanation, demonstration, and discussion.
  • Practice and consolidation play a central role. Carefully designed variation within this builds fluency and understanding of underlying mathematical concepts.
  • Teachers use precise questioning in class to test conceptual and procedural knowledge and assess children regularly to identify those requiring intervention, so that all children keep up.
  • Children’s explanations and their proficiency in articulating mathematical reasoning, with the precise use of mathematical vocabulary, are supported through the use of stem sentences and generalisations provided by the teacher. These help the children to make connections and expose the structure of the maths.

Stem sentence example:

Greater or Smaller?

  • The greater the numerator is in a set of fractions with the same denominator, the _____ the fraction.
  • The higher the denominator of a unit fraction, the ______ the fraction.

Generalisation example:

 The length of one side of the square can be found by dividing its perimeter by 4.

  • Key facts such as multiplication tables and addition facts within 10 are learnt to automaticity to avoid cognitive overload in the working memory and enable pupils to focus on new concepts.

https://www.ncetm.org.uk/media/uhjhtxy1/the-essence-of-maths-teaching-for-mastery-june-2016.pdf

To ensure whole consistency and progression, the school uses the nationally recognised White Rose Maths scheme.   The White Rose curriculum is a cumulative curriculum, so that once a topic is covered, it is met many times again in other contexts.  For example, place value is revisited in addition and subtraction and multiplication and division.  The curriculum recognises the importance of children’s conceptual understanding of number.  It is therefore designed to ensure that time is invested in reinforcing this to build competency.

Lessons are planned to provide plenty of opportunities to build reasoning and problem solving elements into the curriculum.  When introduced to a new concept, children have the opportunity to use concrete objects and manipulatives to help them understand what they are doing. Alongside this, children are encouraged to use pictorial representations. These representations can then be used to help reason and solve problems.  Both concrete and pictorial representations support children’s understanding of abstract methods.

Mathematical topics are taught in blocks, to enable the achievement of ‘mastery’ over time.

These teaching blocks are broken down into smaller steps, to help children understand concepts better.  This approach means that children do not cover too many concepts at once which can lead to cognitive overload.  Please see the White Rose progression documented, adopted by the school, for more information on this: https://www.williampatten.hackney.sch.uk/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Y1-6-White-Rose-Maths-National-Curriculum-Progression.pdf.

Each lesson phase provides the means for children to achieve greater depth, with children who are quick to grasp new content, being offered rich and sophisticated problems, within the lesson as appropriate.

The school’s status as a mastery specialist school, as part of the DfE funded Maths Hubs programme, continues to ensure that staff at all levels understand the pedagogy of the approach. This is further explained in section 2.

Impact

The school has a supportive ethos and our approaches support the children in developing their collaborative and independent skills, as well as empathy and the need to recognise the achievement of others. Students can underperform in Mathematics because they think they cannot do it or are not naturally good at it. The school’s use of White Rose Maths addresses these preconceptions by ensuring that all children experience challenge and success in Mathematics by developing a growth mindset.

Regular and ongoing assessment informs teaching, as well as intervention, to support and enable the success of each child. These factors ensure that we are able to maintain high standards, with achievement at the end of KS2 well above the national average, as well an increasingly high proportion of children demonstrating greater depth, at the end of each phase.

A review of the teaching of maths at the school, carried out by Mastery Specialists from the London North East and London Thames Maths Hubs in January 2020, noted the following in their report on the teaching of mastery at the school –

‘During discussions with pupils, children were unanimously positive about Maths. Challenge and resilience were a key theme of discussions, with many of the children saying that working on difficult problems, not giving up and challenging themselves were their favourite parts of their Maths lessons at school. They were confident, engaged and talked passionately about the things that helped them learn Mathematics. All children commented on the use of concrete resources and visual representations as ways to help them learn. They also referenced drawing their ideas, working with their peers and practising as important parts of their learning experience.’

Having become a mastery specialist school with the London North East maths Hub, the school supports a network of local schools will demonstrate best practice in maths to visiting schools from the onset of the school year 2020/21.

Link to Maths Policy:

For further information on how we cover the objectives of the national curriculum, please see the documents below –

Calculation Policies –

Curriculum Recovery and Supporting your Child at Home

In recognition that children’s learning has been impacted by school closure during the Covid 19 pandemic, the National Centre for Excellence in the Teaching of Mathematics (NCETM) are advising a stronger focus on the key content of each year group, which relates to the following strands:

• Place Value
Number Facts
Addition and Subtraction
• Multiplication and Division
Geometry
• Fractions (in KS2)
Our alternative summer 2021 recovery content focussed on these in line with the guidance. For the academic year 2021-22, we will continue to use the nationally recognised White Rose Maths scheme, which includes some recap of the key content from previous years. We have collated the White Rose Maths ‘Parent Workbooks’ for each year group that includes the majority of the key content for your child’s year group, to support any additional support in maths that you might like to do at home with your child –

Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5 (part 1)
Year 5 (part 2)
Year 6

The printed copy of the above resources are available on request.